Selected References to Peer-Reviewed Scientific Research on Driving

* indicates Top Ten papers of especial interest

Backman, J., Häkkinen, K., Ylinen, J., Häkkinen, A., & Kyröläinen, H. (2005). Neuromuscular Performance Characteristics of Open-wheel and Rally drivers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(4), 777-784.

Baur, H., Müller, S., Hirschmüller, A., Huber, G., & Mayer, F. (2006). Reactivity, Stability, and Strength Performance Capacity in Motor Sports. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 40(11), 906-911.

* Bernardi, G., Ricciardi, E., Sani, L., Gaglianese, A., Papasogli, A., Ceccarelli, R., … & Pietrini, P. (2013). How Skill Expertise Shapes the Brain Functional Architecture: an fMRI Study of Visuo-spatial and Motor Processing in Professional Racing-car and Naïve Drivers. PloS ONE, 8(10), e77764

* Bernardi, G., Cecchetti, L., Handjaras, G., Sani, L., Gaglianese, A., Ceccarelli, R., … & Pietrini, P. (2014). It’s not all in your car: functional and structural correlates of exceptional driving skills in professional racers. Frontiers in human neuroscience8, 888, 1-12.

Brown, J.W.H, Stanton, N.A. & Revell, K.A. (2020). The Evolution of Steering Wheel Design in Motorsport. In: P.M. Salmon, S. McLean, C. Dallat, … & A. Hulme (eds.): Human Factors and Ergonomics in Sport, CRC Press.

Crundall, E., Crundall, D., & Stedmon, A. W. (2012). Negotiating left-hand and right-hand bends: A motorcycle simulator study to investigate experiential and behaviour differences across rider groups. PLoS One7(1), e29978.

Ferguson, D.P. (ed.) (2019) The Science of Motorsport. New York: Routledge.

* Fuchs, F., Song1, Y., Kaufmann, E., Scaramuzza, D. & Durr, P. (2020). Super-Human Performance in Gran Turismo Sport Using Deep Reinforcement Learning arXiv:2008.07971v1 [cs.AI]

M. Jaritz, R. de Charette, M. Toromanoff, E. Perot, and F. Nashashibi. End-to-End Race Driving with Deep Reinforcement Learning. In 2018 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA), pages 2070–2075, May 2018. doi:10.1109/ICRA.2018.8460934.

Kujala, T., Mäkelä, J., Kotilainen, I. & Tokkonen, T. (2015). The Attentional Demand of Automobile Driving Revisited. Human Factors, 58 (1), 163 – 180. doi: 10.1177/0018720815595901

Kücükdurmaz, F. (2012). Driver as a High Level Athlete. In: M.N. Doral et al. (eds.), Sports Injuries. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-15630-4_149

Land, M. F. (1992). Predictable Eye-head Coordination during Driving. Nature, 359, 318-320.

* Land, M. F., & Tatler, B. W. (2001). Steering with the head: The Visual Strategy of a Racing Driver. Current Biology, 11(15), 1215-1220.

* Lappi, O. (2015). The Racer’s Brain: How Domain Expertise is Reflected in the Neural Substrates of Driving. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9:635. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00635

* Lappi, O. (2018). The Racer’s Mind—How Core Perceptual-Cognitive Expertise Is Reflected in Deliberate Practice Procedures in Professional Motorsport. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 1294. 1-20. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01294

Lappi O, Rinkkala P, Pekkanen J (2017) Systematic Observation of an Expert Driver’s Gaze Strategy – An On-road Case Study. Frontiers in Psychology, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00620

Lappi, O., Pekkanen, J., Rinkkala, P. et al. (2020). Humans use Optokinetic Eye Movements to Track Waypoints for Steering. Scientific Reports, 10, 4175. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-60531-3

Lappi, O. (2016). Eye Movements in the Wild: Oculomotor Events, Gaze Behavior and Frames of Reference. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 69, 49–68. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.06.006

* Lappi,. O. & Mole, C.D. (2018). Visuomotor Control, Eye Movements, and Steering: A Unified Approach for Incorporating Feedback, Feedforward, and Internal Models. Psychological Bulletin, 144(10), 981-1001. doi:10.1037/bul0000150

Lappi, O. (2014). Future Path and Tangent Point Models in the Visual Control of Locomotion in Curve Driving. Journal of Vision, 14(12), 1–22. doi 10.1167/14.12.21

Pekkanen, J., Lappi, O., Rinkkala, P., Tuhkanen, S., Frantsi, R. & Summala, H. (2018). A Computational Model for Driver’s Cognitive State, Visual Perception and Intermittent Attention in a Distracted Car
Following Task
. Royal Society Open Science. 5: 180194. doi: 10.1098/rsos.180194

* Lima, I. R., Haar, S., Di Grassi, L., & Faisal, A. A. (2020). Neurobehavioural signatures in race car driving: a case study. Scientific reports10(1), 1-9.

Macadam, C. C. (2003). Understanding and modeling the human driver. Vehicle System Dynamics,40, 101–134. doi: 10.1076/vesd.

McRuer, D. T., Allen, R. W., Weir, D. H., & Klein, R. H. (1977). New Results in Driver Steering Control Models. Human Factors, 19, 381–397. doi: 10.1177/001872087701900406

Michon, J. A. (1985). A critical view of driver behavior models: what do we know, what should we do?. In Human behavior and traffic safety (pp. 485-524). Springer, Boston, MA.

Navarro, J., Reynaud, E., & Osiurak, F. (2018). Neuroergonomics of car driving: A critical meta-analysis of neuroimaging data on the human brain behind the wheel. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews95, 464-479.

Nash, C. J., Cole, D. J., & Bigler, R. S. (2016). A review of human sensory dynamics for application to models of driver steering and speed control. Biological Cybernetics, 110(2–3), 91–116. doi: 10.1007/s00422-016-0682-x

* Potkanowicz, E.S. & Mendel, R.W. (2013). The Case for Driver Science in Motorsport: A Review and Recommendations. Sports Medicine. DOI 10.1007/s40279-013-0040-2

Potkanowicz, E.S. (2019). The Physiological Stress of Automobile Racing. In: D.P. Ferguson (ed.) The Science of Motorsport. Routledge.

Reid, M. B., & Lightfoot, J. T. (2019). The Physiology of Auto Racing. Medicine and science in sports and exercise51(12), 2548-2562.

Remonda, A., Veas, E., Luzhnica, G. (2021). Comparing driving behavior of humans and autonomous driving in a professional racing simulator. PLoS ONE 16(2): e0245320 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0245320

Senders, J. W., Kristofferson, A. B., Levison, W. H., Dietrich, C. W., & Ward, J. L. (1967). The attentional demand of automobile driving. Highway Research Record, (195).

Sharp, R. S., & Peng, H. (2011). Vehicle dynamics applications of optimal control theory. Vehicle System Dynamics, 49, 1073–1111. doi: 10.1080/00423114.2011.586707

* van Leeuwen, P.M., de Groot, S., Happee, R. & de Winter. J.C.F. (2017). Differences between Racing and Non-racing Drivers: A Simulator Study Using Eye-tracking. PLoS ONE, 12(11): e0186871. doi: 10.4121/uuid:9ab22c4c-1c68-4838-a752-e4ba4ddeec07

Watkins, E.S. (2006). The Physiology and Pathology of Formula One Grand Prix Motor Racing. Clinical Neurosurgery, 53, 145-152.